In the 1920s El Lissitzky developed and suggested the concept of flat skyscapers — Wolkenbügels, or”cloud-irons” — eight constructions intended for the Boulevard Ring in Moscow. His logic was that as long as people couldn’t fly, moving horizontally was natural, and moving was not. In a region where there is not considerable land for building, ” he chose a plane generated in the atmosphere in moderate elevation instead of an American-style towers. Due to the gap between Lissitzsky’s idea and the existing architecture, it was not until the 1940s the Wolkenbügels were proposed and built. Humans still cannot flyand many”cloud-irons” today exist on the flat plane.
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